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Creating an Ergonomic Work Environment

Whether you spend long hours at a desk or attend classes, maintaining proper ergonomic posture is essential for your overall well-being and productivity. Ergonomics focuses on designing workspaces and environments that promote comfort, efficiency, and optimal body alignment.

By adopting the best ergonomic posture, you can minimize the risk of musculoskeletal issues, enhance concentration, and maximize your performance. In this blog, we will guide you through the key elements of ergonomic posture to help you create a healthy and productive work or school setup.

1. Chair and Seating

The right chair and seating position form the foundation of ergonomic posture.

  • Choose an adjustable chair with proper lumbar support to maintain the natural curve of your lower back.

  •  Ensure your feet are flat on the floor or use a footrest if necessary to support proper leg alignment.

  • Adjust the seat height so that your knees are at a 90-degree angle and your thighs are parallel to the floor.

  • Sit back in the chair, maintaining a slight recline (around 100-110 degrees) to relieve pressure on your lower back.

  • Keep your weight evenly distributed on both hips and avoid crossing your legs, which can compromise blood circulation.

2. Desk and Workstation Setup

  • Position your desk at an appropriate height so that your forearms are parallel to the floor when typing or writing.

  • Maintain a distance of about an arm's length between your eyes and the monitor.

  • Adjust the monitor height so that the top third of the screen is at eye level to avoid excessive neck strain.

  • Use a document holder to keep reference materials at eye level and prevent frequent head tilting.

  • Organize your desk essentials in a way that minimizes the need for repetitive reaching or twisting.

  • Laptop users: If using a laptop for an extended period of time, consider using a separate keyboard and mouse to maintain proper neck and shoulder posture.

3. Keyboard and Mouse Placement

Position the keyboard directly in front of you, allowing your elbows to be at a 90-degree angle.

  • Keep your wrists straight and avoid excessive bending or extension.

  • Use a wrist rest to support your wrists during breaks and avoid prolonged pressure.

  • Place the mouse close to the keyboard to minimize reaching, and use your entire arm to move the mouse instead of relying solely on your wrist.

4. Monitor and Screen Setup

  • Position the monitor directly in front of you, centered with your line of sight.

  • Tilt the monitor slightly upward to align with your natural eye gaze.

  • Adjust the brightness and contrast of the screen to reduce eye fatigue.

  • Consider using an anti-glare screen protector to minimize glare and reflections.

5. Breaks and Movement

  • Take short breaks every 30 minutes to stretch, walk, or change positions.

  • When possible, change your posture, such as by standing while talking on the phone.

  • Encourage movement by strategically placing items around the office such as rubbish bins away from desks to allow for frequent short walks.

  • Practice simple stretching exercises to relieve muscle tension, especially in the neck, shoulders, and wrists. Use tools such as the Straighten Up app, linked below.

  • Engage in regular physical activity outside of work or school hours to strengthen your body and maintain overall well-being.

Mastering ergonomic posture is key to maintaining a healthy and productive work or school environment. By optimizing your chair, desk, keyboard, mouse, and monitor setup, you can significantly reduce the risk of musculoskeletal issues, enhance your concentration, and improve overall performance. Remember to take regular breaks, stretch, and incorporate movement into your routine to further support your well- being. Prioritizing ergonomics today will benefit your long-term health and productivity for years to come.

To break up long periods of sitting, consider using ACA's Straighten Up app, find it here. The app contains a perfect 3 minute exercise routine that is also great for improving your spinal health and stabilising core muscle groups. The app also allows you to set daily reminders about sitting right, stretching, taking breaks, drinking water, and improving your posture.


Dr Mark has a special interest in helping recreational athletes of all ages perform better and prevent injury. Correct breathing and postural alignment are critical for top performance and injury prevention and is an integral part of “The Over 40 Athlete System” that Mark has developed.

Dr Julie has a special interest in helping mothers and “mothers to be”. Her Post Graduate qualifications in Paediatric Chiropractic and as an ex-midwife give her a unique ability to help pregnant women, new mums and their young children.

Yours in Health,

Dr's Mark & Julie


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